On Friday February 24, Oxford Dictionaries announced the latest update to its free online dictionary of English at OxfordDictionaries.com.
Reflecting research into current language usage trends, new entries include: adorbs, binge-watch, cray, humblebrag, listicle, neckbeard, SMH, side boob, vape, and YOLO.
Use of the word ‘binge-watch’ has shown a steady increase over the past two years, with notable spikes in usage recorded around the Netflix releases of House of Cards, Season Two in February 2014 and Orange is The New Black, Season Two in June 2014.
Changes in our media consumption habits also see: hate-watch, listicle, live-tweet, second screen, sentiment analysis, cord cutting, and hyperconnected also added in this update.
Technology more broadly continues to have a strong influence, and is reflected in new entries including: acquihire, clickbait, Deep Web, dox, fast follower, geocache, in silico, octocopter, responsive, smartwatch, and tech-savvy.
Oxford Dictionaries editor Katherine Connor Martin comments: “One of the advantages of our unique language monitoring programme is that it enables us to explore how English language evolves differently across the world.”
Other informal or slang terms added include: Bank of Mum and Dad, bro hug, cray, hench, hot mess, humblebrag, mansplain, side-eye, and spit take.
The abbreviation, cray (‘crazy’), seems to have arisen initially in the reduplicated form ‘cray cray’ in the early 2000s, but it was popularized in its single-syllable form when used by Kanye West.
Several initialisms and abbreviations also make their Oxford Dictionaries debut, including SMH (‘shake my head’), WDYT (‘what do you think?’), FML (‘f— my life’), YOLO (‘you only live once’), ICYMI (‘in case you missed it’).
New words, senses, and phrases are added to OxfordDictionaries.com once editors have gathered enough independent evidence from a range of sources to be confident that they have widespread currency in English.
Each year, more than 1,000 additions are made to OxfordDictionaries.com.